Sunday, May 10, 2009

SAP Modules Interview Questions Answers Vol - 2

In real time, How listing and exclusion is used ?
Listing and exclusion is used in chemical and pharma industries for ex:-Particular customer is not having a valid license of selling some chemical/Medicines and he is ordering the same. in this case listing and exclusion is useful

What is the schema you use in Time Management?
Schema : TC00

What is the work relation between SAP-MM, SD and fi/co modules?
SAP is the integration of all the modules and the topics are very relavent to each other because basically its management skillsetgroup. From manufacturing the product/goods/services to reaching the customer. All the transaction process is depending on sales area, sales doc, item proposals, shipping, delivery and billing.

In SAP-HR, What is the landscape of your project?
Landscape in SAP consists the following: 1. IDES = Training Server
2. Development Server
* Configuration (200 client)
* Sandbox (210 client)
* Data Change (220 client)
3. Quality Server
* Standby (300 client)
* Testing (310 client)
4. Production Server
* Pre-Production (400 client)
* Real Production (500 client)

What is the role of abapers? What is the Work Bench?
Abaper is a application programmer who retrives the data from the database and show it to the end-user with the help of report..out of three layers of SAP the abaper position is on Application Layer in which SAP programs are develop and then transported to the Production server...

Workbench... The ABAP Workbench contains several tools that allow you to edit specific repository objects. like ABAP Editor , Menu PAinter etc...

How to integrate MM With Fico?
By using transaction code OBYC we can get the details of MM, Fico integration.

Go to IMG settings in Financial accounting and do the configuration for MM-FI settings

Value from MM to FI is defined in OBYC…. on the material master the flow of values are assigned on the Costing, Accounting, etc tabs where the system helps to post the necessary stock values into the appropriate GL accounts. Helps to determine, the GL accounts updated when there is a movement of goods.

What is difference between business area or cost centre?

Business area is a place where the product or the produced components are valued in group or for the total transactions carried out, Right from procurement, production and sales of goods.

Wheras Cost centre is a particular area where the production or the project is taken up and expenditure is identified separately with a separate GL account

How to create Tax Calculation Procedure?
Tax calculation procedures based on the countries depended. one country is using deferent of tax procedures. We are creating new country also and at what type calculation procedures present is running on the country and it is assigned which country used.

Tax calculation procedures based on the country wise using . and which country is used at what percent and it is used on the country. We are creating new country also at what percent it is used and it is assigned to using of this country.

What is the difference between business area and profit center?
Business area is where the total business is valuated as a whole

Whereas Profit centre is an area where the company/work place allows the outside agency to use its machinery for external profits (eq: A CNC machine which can run 24 hrs a day is utilized in our company for 15 hrs and the balance 9 hrs is let out for addition to the company's profit) is known as Profit Centre.

Business area is related term to FI module and Profit centre is related to CO module. One business area can have one or more profit centers.

Business area is gared on external accounting where as profit centers are used for internal accounting purposes

What is Legaccy System Migration Workbench? How it can be carried out in SAP SD?
LSMW is widely used by EDI programmers. EDI Programmers connect the SAP system to Non SAP system. During this Data migration is a necessity. When data migrates from source to destination the destination code is differrent from the source code. So what LSMW does is
* Converts the data in to batch files
* Then converts the batch files in to source code batch files
* And then mirgates data. Standard Interfaces like BAPI or Idoc are used in this process.

LSMW is used for migrating data from a legacy system to SAP system, or from one SAP system to another.

Apart from standard batch/direct input and recordings, BAPI and IDocs are available as additional import methods for processing the legacy data.

The LSMW comprises the following main steps:
* Read data (legacy data in spreadsheet tables and/or sequential files).
* Convert data (from the source into the target format).
* Import data (to the database used by the R/3 application.

But, before these steps, you need to perform following steps :
* Define source structure : structure of data in the source file.
* Define target structure : structure of SAP that receives data.
* Field mapping: Mapping between the source and target structure with conversions, if any.
* Specify file: location of the source file

Of all the methods used for data migration like BDC, LSMW , Call Transaction which one is used most of the time? How is the decision made which method should be followed? What is the procedure followed for this analysis?
All the 3 methods are used to migrate data. Selection of these methods depends on the scenario, amount of data need to transfer. LSMW is a ready tool provided by SAP and you have to follow some 17 steps to migrate master data. While in BDCs Session method is the better choice because of some advantages over call transaction. But call transaction is also very useful to do immediate updation of small amout of data. (In call transaction developer has to handle errors).

Bottom line is make choice of these methods based of real time requirements.

These methods are chosen completely based on situation you are in. Direct input method is not available for all scenarios; else, they are the simplest ones. In batch input method, you need to do recording for the transaction concerned. Similarly, IDoc, and BAPI are there, and use of these need to be decided based on the requirement.

Try to go through the some material on these four methods, and implement them. You will then have a fair idea about when to use which.

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